Filter theory (sociology)

Marriage data show a strong degree of positive assortative mating along a variety of attributes. But since marriage is an equilibrium outcome, it is unclear whether positive sorting is the result of preferences rather than opportunities. We assess the relative importance of preferences and opportunities in dating behaviour, using unique data from a large commercial speed dating agency. While the speed dating design gives us a direct observation of individual preferences, the random allocation of participants across events generates an exogenous source of variation in opportunities and allows us to identify the role of opportunities separately from that of preferences. We find that both women and men equally value physical attributes, such as age and weight, and that there is positive sorting along age, height, and education. The role of individual preferences, however, is outplayed by that of opportunities.

Can Anyone be ‘The One’? Evidence on Mate Selection from Speed Dating

Academic journal article Journal of Research in Gender Studies. Geo-social dating apps offer a sense of command over romantic and sexual activities: users can find about more about compatible partners before meeting, there are prospects for gender and sexually diverse individuals to satisfy their passions, while the mediated networking provides safety in connecting with other people.

Carlson, Dating apps assist users in finding and discussing with persons that may have comparable interests or lifestyles. Knox et al.

Does mate selection differ when those looking are presented with an almost overwhelming number of potential partners, but limited to a few.

There is considerable research demonstrating the link between depression and interpersonal stress. This literature has included support for the phenomenon of stress generation, or the tendency for individuals with depression histories to have higher levels of stress in their lives, particularly interpersonal stressors, even after depression remits.

Currently missing from the existing literature, but supported by multiple psychological theories and research on constructs related to depression, is the possibility that individuals prone to depression may self-select into maladaptive romantic partnerships that promote stress and exacerbate depression. The current project sought to explore whether depression portends risk for choosing romantic partners with higher levels of psychopathology or disordered personality traits.

This question was explored in two complementary studies. Study 1 utilized a longitudinal, community sample of individuals followed from birth to early adulthood with romantic partners at age Results indicated that individuals with higher levels of depressive symptoms at age 15 had romantic partners by age 20 with higher levels of personality disorder symptoms.

Insecure attachment mediated this relationship.

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Kristine Udell Evans. It is a non-random collection of interviews with 38 single men and women over the age of 59 in two counties in Utah. Older daters were found to have been married for much of their lives previous to dating. They perceived themselves to be in good health and financial condition and were fairly well-educated. They lived independently and had available and supportive family and friend relationships. They had good concepts of themselves and their ability to attract dating partners.

Mate Selection 12 process of dating their partners. Often, adolescents date casually and for short periods of time before moving on to the next.

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The Role of Attractiveness in Mate Selection: Individual Variation

The speed dating context may be unusual in that people make a decision on whether or not to see somebody again after only 4 minutes of interaction. On the other hand, some people do meet their partners in contexts such as bars and speed dating events where decisions are made based on brief interactions. To this extent, the empirical phenomena in data from the study are relevant to understanding mate selection in general.

My original purpose in writing it was as background for a discussion of how much attractiveness influenced people’s decisions as to whether or not to see their partners again.

Much of the existing empirical evidence is limited to interracial marriage and cohabitation, rather than the dating and “mate selection process” (Lin & Lundquist.

The pathways to stable intimate unions are best understood as developmental trajectories in which a series of steps, or stages, lead to a marriage or other intimate relationship. There are typical, or customary patterns of mate-selection found in all societies, ranging from arranged marriages by parents to virtually unfettered individual free choice by the couple themselves.

At the same time, these cultural patterns change, often quickly, in response to larger social conditions. To put the current situation in perspective, I offer an abbreviated history of American courtship and dating customs. Largely as a result of their ethnic composition, mate-selection of the early American settlers closely resembled the European customs of courtship.

Parents were heavily involved in courtship because the consequences of marriage had implications for them in the form of offspring, property, or social alliances. At least until the middle 19 th century, couples met and associated mainly in public, at church, dances, picnics, or other communal gatherings. As things progressed, young men would call on young women at their homes where parents would supervise. Not until the couple was betrothed were they allowed much privacy or sexual intimacy which meant kissing and petting.

Decision Making, Dating, and Mate Selection Expectations

Don’t have an account? This chapter investigates questions of pubertal development noting that age marks key transitions relative to cognitive processes, socioemotional processes, and reproductive maturity. Unquestionably, decision making competencies will affect choices made about romantic attachments, whether to have sex and with whom to have sex; such issues are fully explored in this chapter. The maturational task of decision making is to grow in problem solving competencies in coping with daily problems in living, including anticipation and planning for future goals.

Speed-dating events can be thought of as a microcosm where mate preferences (i.e., “ideal mate value” compared with “selected mate.

To marry the right person, in the right place, by the right authority; and 2. Kimball, Respect him or her. Give encouragement to him or her. Love your companion with all your heart. This will be the most important decision of your life, the individual whom you marry. It is the only place under the heavens where marriage can be solemnized for eternity. Marry the right person in the right place at the right time.

Centre for Economic Policy Research

Evolutionary psychologists who study mating behavior often begin with a hypothesis about how modern humans mate: say, that men think about sex more than women do. Then they gather evidence — from studies, statistics and surveys — to support that assumption. Lately, however, a new cohort of scientists have been challenging the very existence of the gender differences in sexual behavior that Darwinians have spent the past 40 years trying to explain and justify on evolutionary grounds.

The chance for mating with a speed-dating partner was 6%, and was Gender differences in mate selection: Evidence from a speed- dating.

We utilize an experimental Speed Dating service to examine racial preferences in mate selection. Our data allow for the direct observation of individual decisions of randomly paired individuals; we may therefore directly infer racial preferences, which was not possible in prior studies. We observe stronger same race preferences for blacks and Asians than for Hispanics and whites, with insignificant overall level of racial preferences for female Hispanics and males of all races.

Females exhibit stronger racial preferences than males. Differences in self-reported shared interests largely mediate the observed racial preferences. Collectively, our results imply strong but very heterogeneous racial preferences. Finally, we compare our experimental results with the levels of marital segregation in the United States. Skip to main content. The Experience Overview of Experience. About Our Degree Programs.

Mysteries of Mate Choice

Mate selection in modern industrialized countries tend to: A. Throughout history, most arrangements for marriage have been made by: A. The pattern of mate selection in industrialization countries largely developed in the: A. Parent-arranged marriages are based on A. Parent-arranged marriages are likely to be based on A. Considering that love is relatively unimportant for arranged marriages A.

Filter theory is a sociological theory concerning dating and mate selection. It proposes that social structure limits the number of eligible candidates for a mate.

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Wherein, simple solutions are given to everyday life situations and life altering decision making processes.

The Virtues and Downsides of Online Dating

W hat do humans really want in a long-term partner? If people were given a limited menu of characteristics from which to choose, what would be the non-negotiables? And how much of what we value in a partner is influenced by culture and how much is innate?

In “The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex,” Charles Darwin gathered evidence for the notion that, through competition for mates.

When we interact with potential proms and mates we run a mental filter exploitation in our heads. This while simultaneously remembering how we rate and evaluate ourselves. Rarely do we seek out the best looking person at the exploitation unless we define ourselves as an even competition for him or her. More often we rank and rate ourselves compared to others and as we size up and evaluate potentials we define the overall filter rationally or in an economic context where we try to maximize our rewards while minimizing our losses.

The overall evaluation of the deal also depends to a great exploitation on how well we feel matched on racial and ethnic traits, religious background, social economic class, and selection similarities. Truly the dating of the date and mate selection process includes many obvious and some more subtle proms that you can understand for yourself.

If you are single you can apply them to the date and mate selection processes you currently pursue. Bernard Murstein wrote articles in the early s where he tested his Stimulus-Value-Role Theory of love choice. To Murstein the exchange is mutual and dependent upon the psychological attractions and the subjective assets and liabilities each filter brings to the relationship.

Darwin Was Wrong About Dating

Visit for more related articles at Global Media Journal. This cross-cultural study explored the role of culture and gender in mate selection. Through content analyzing two hundred Chinese personal advertisements and two hundred American personal advertisements posted on Chinese and American dating websites, the study found that culture had significant impact on patterns of self-presentation and mate preference.

More Chinese advertisers provided information on their physical appearances, health conditions, financial status, education, and morality, whereas more American advertisers wrote about their personality and hobbies. A similar pattern was found in their statements about mate preferences: statement about physical characteristics, financial status and morality more frequently appeared in Chinese personal ads, and statements about personality and hobbies more frequently occurred in American personal ads.

Results also revealed some gender differences.

online dating sites to study mate selection. Surprisingly, however, the general questions posed here have remained unanswered. First, prior.

A hamburger that’s 90 per cent fat-free sounds a lot better than one with 10 per cent fat. And even when the choices are the same, humans are hard-wired to prefer the more positive option. This is because of what’s known as the “framing effect,” a principle that new research from Concordia has proved applies to mate selection, too. The study — co-authored by Concordia marketing professor Gad Saad and Wilfrid Laurier University’s Tripat Gill, and published in the journal Evolution and Human Behavior — shows that when we choose a partner, the framing effect is even stronger in women than it is for men.

So we hypothesized that women would naturally be more leery of negatively framed information when evaluating a prospective mate. To prove this, Saad and Gill called on hundreds of young men and women to take part in their study. Participants were given positively and negatively framed descriptions of potential partners. For example: “Seven out of 10 people who know this person think that this person is kind.

The researchers tested the framing effect using six key attributes, two of which are more important to men and women respectively, and two that are considered as necessities by both sexes:. Participants evaluated both high-quality e. More often than not, women said they were far less likely to date the potential mates described in the negatively framed descriptions — even though in each instance, they were being presented with exactly the same information as in the positively framed descriptions.

Women also proved more susceptible to framing effects in attributes like ambition and earning potential, while men responded more strongly to framing when physical attractiveness was described. This research highlights how an evolutionary lens could help explain the biologicial origins of seemingly “irrational” decision-making biases like the framing effect.

Jordan Peterson: Mate Selection


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